There are various options available for removing arsenic from groundwater; these processes range from ion exchange and activated alumina to reverse osmosis, coagulation and filtration. Each of these technologies have their own pros and cons, but in cases where arsenic treatment is the main treatment objective, adsorption is the ideal technology from a cost and ease of operation standpoint.
With longer laterals being drilled and stages being added, well completion by hydraulic fracturing (frac) now requires an ever-increasing amount of water for every well that is drilled and completed. Ensuring that the water used in frac is free of bacteria is a critical part of the overall treatment and conditioning of water before it is sent downhole. This is especially true as more operators are using recycled flowback and produced water for completion activities.
As exploration and production (E&P) companies continue to focus on improving the efficiency of water usage and disposal operations, operators are looking for opportunities to inexpensively treat produced water, as well as improve the use of treated-produced water for drilling and well completion activities.